Table of Contents
MPU302, Repurposed SPX MPU board for CP/M-68K
A detailed writeup about the reverse engineering of MPU302 is published on Hackaday
Guide for operating CP/M68K v1.3 on MPU302
Powering the board requires a 25-pin null modem cable between the CRAFT connector and a PC. Set baud rate to 38400, 8N1, RTS/CTS hardware handshake.
Hook up 5V & ground to the points indicated by the arrows. The '+5V' arrow points to a gold-plated wire-wrap post soldered to the banded end of the capacitor. The power consumption is about 250mA.
Immediately at power on, this message (bold) will be displayed:
AMBug v2.07a–Hardware handshake with CTS/RTS, 8/30/2017
RAM at $0 and alias at $200000, boot ROM at $600000. Type “he” for help
The front panel LED will alternate between red-orange-green once every second. At this point the AMbug monitor is running.
To boot CP/M68k, type 'bo' at > prompt, and this message will be displayed:
Boot CP/M 68K v1.3 CP/M-68K V1.3 COPYRIGHT (C) 1982, 1984, 1985 Digital Research A>
There are 3 “disks” on the board:
- Drive A contains the CP/M68K v1.3 distribution files, Drive A resides on flash and is read only.
- Drive B contains the BASIC compiler and associated BASIC library. Drive B also reside on flash and is read only.
- Drive C resides on super-capacitor-backed RAM. It is read/write-able.
Content of Drive A:
A: CPM REL : SD REL : CPM SYS : DDT68000 68K : README TXT A: CB68 68K : AS68INIT : CLIB : CLINK SUB : CLINKE SUB A: CLINKF SUB : LIBE A : LIBF A : S O : ASSERT H A: CTYPE H : ERRNO H : MORE C : OPTION H : OSATTR H A: OSIF H : OSIFERR H : PORTAB H : CB68 L68 : SETJMP H A: SIGNAL H : STDIO H : C SUB : CE SUB : FORMAT S A: INIT S : LOADR O : OVHDLR O : TERM C : TERMA S A: XFER86 C : BDOS S : BIOS C : BIOS O : BIOSA O A: BIOSA S : BIOSTYPS H : BOOTER O : BOOTER S : CBIOS S A: CONFIG C : ELDBIOS S : ERGBIOS S : LDBIOS O : LDBIOSA O A: LDBIOSA S : LOADBIOS H : LOADBIOS SUB : NOBIOSHI S : NOBIOSLO S A: NORMBIOS H : NORMBIOS SUB : PUTBOOT S : VT52 C : VT52 O A: CB68 DOC : SHORT BAS : ASCIIART BAS : CPMLDR SYS : CPMLIB A: LCPM SU : LCPM10 SUB : LDRLIB : MAKELDR SUB : RELCPM SUB A: RELOC 68K : PIP 68K : INIT 68K : COPY 68K : STAT 68K A: DDT 68K : AS68 68K : DUMP 68K : LO68 68K : ED 68K A: CP68 68K : AR68 68K : FIND 68K : MORE 68K : NM68 68K A: C068 68K : C168 68K : LINK68 68K : SENDC68 68K : SIZE68 68K A: XFER86 68K : FORMAT 68K : TERM 68K : CONFIG 68K : PUTBOOT 68K A: AS68SYMB DAT
Content of drive B:
B: CONC SUB : CLINKONC SUB : BASIC SUB : BLINK SUB : SETUPC SUB B: ME TXT : ME 68K : ASM SUB : GKERMIT 68K : NEWSIZE S B: FCOMP S : FCOPY S : TPALEN S : GKREADME TXT : BIOS H B: ED H : PORTAB H : STDIO H : BIOS S
Drive C: is a RAM disk. It's content is preserved with super capacitor for at least a week. After a week of inactivity, it may need to be initialized with
Software changes fairly often, so this is a dedicated page for software updates.
SPX-MPU is a 6-layer pc board with power/ground layers in the middle. On some pc boards it is easy to see the inner layers clearly. This is how schematics are derived:
- Remove all components.
- Take high resolution photos of the bare board, component side and solder side.
- Overlay the component layer with the solder layer in Photoshop
- Manually trace the signals, switching layer in Photoshop as the trace switches side. Use continuity meter to verify connections where needed.
There are two sheets of C size schematics and one size B schematic. Please note these are schematics of the original pc board. They do not reflect subsequent engineering changes.
CPU/memory schematic (updated 11/25/17),
I/O schematic (updated 11/25/17).
Reset logic schematic (updated 11/25/17).
DB25F (CRAFT) connector located at the front panel
96-pin DIN41612 connector
4×16 array test pads (note: this is an array of solder pads, 4 rows by 16 columns, located next to the hexadecimal rotary switch)
There are three groups of engineering changes to the original SPX-MPU board.
Backup AMbug Monitor
The board contains two AMbug monitors. The primary one resides on a pair of 29F010 flash, UB2, UB3. The backup monitor reside on the first sector (128K byte sector) of UD3, UE3. If the primary monitor is corrupted, the backup monitor can be activated by unsoldering and swapping two existing jumper wires as shown below. (A procedure on how to reprogram the primary AMbug will be written…)
Hardware handshake engineering changes
Enable hardware expansion
Two engineering changes are required to enable expansion board to the 96-pin DIN41612 connector:
- 5V power to the spare pin B32
- Lower resistance of the control port.
CompactFlash IDE daughterboard. The CF IDE daughter board plugs into the DIN41612 connector. The BIOS detects the presence of the daughterboard and will enable 4 8-megabyte drives (drive D: thru G:). The number and size of the drives can be easily changed with an updated BIOS. More information on the CF IDE daughterboard can be found here.